Get Analysis of Chemical Warfare Degradation Products PDF

By Karolin K. Kroening

ISBN-10: 0470745878

ISBN-13: 9780470745878

This publication describes nerve brokers and vesicants, their decomposition and their degradation items' chemistry in addition to their toxicity together with a listing of detection strategies of nerve brokers and their degradation items. This e-book will current their historical past, toxicity, comparability among diverse pattern guidance equipment, separation suggestions, and detection tools all jointly in a quick, effortless to learn booklet, tied jointly through a unmarried crew doing the writing and the modifying to guarantee soft transition from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, with adequate Tables and literature references for the reader who seems to additional detail.The textual content will illustrate the pluses and minuses of some of the concepts with enough references for the reader to procure wide element.

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Extra resources for Analysis of Chemical Warfare Degradation Products

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The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified Nitrogen Mustard as probably being carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). There is some evidence that it causes leukemia in humans, and it has been shown to cause leukemia and cancers of the lung, liver, uterus and large intestine in animals [131]. 3 HO OH S S S S S OH S S OH S S OH OH Hydrolysis degradation products of Sulfur Mustard single oral dose and practically nontoxic by a single dermal application. 24 g kg−1 . Nitrogen Mustards undergo hydrolysis leading to three alkyl ethanolamines: N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA), N-ethyldiethanolamine (EDEA) and triethanolamine (TEA), [degradation/precursor products of: bis(2-chloroethyl)ethyl amine – Nitrogen Mustard-1, HN-1; methyl-bis-(2-chlor oethyl)amine – Nitrogen Mustard-2, HN-2; and tris(2chloroethyl)amine – Nitrogen Mustard-3, HN-3 blister agents] [132].

The LD50 for skin exposure is estimated to be 25 mg kg−1 . Regarding ingestion, no human data is available. Animal studies suggest Phosgene Oxime may induce hemorrhagic inflammatory lesions in the gastrointestinal tract [131]. 4 TOXICITY OF STERNUTATOR AGENTS Diphenylcyanoarsine (Clark I) (DA), Diphenylchloroarsine (Clark II) (DC) and Adamsite (DM) are all classified as sternutator agents because they cause extreme sneezing, coughing and vomiting. 1 mg m−3 ). Once the particles fall to the ground after dispersion, they become ineffective unless they are re-dispersed.

50, 451–458. -Z. (1986) Toxicol. , 31, 80. , Darre, E. (1984) Contact Dermatitis, 11, 26–28. , Benhayem, S. et al. (1976) Environ. , 11, 66–77. E. et al. (1988) Toxicology, 52, 237–252. , Husain, I. et al. (1989) Ind. Health, 27, 121–124. C. (1989) Rev. Environ. Contam. , 110, 75–115. N. (1989) Review of Reactions of Chemical Agents in Water, Defense Technical Information Center, Alexandria, VA. E. (1974) Phosphorus, 4, 157–163. E. (1995) Toxicol. Environ. , 47, 155–184. A. W. (1995) Agent Decontamination Chemistry: Technical Report, Argonne National Laboratory, Washington, DC.

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Analysis of Chemical Warfare Degradation Products by Karolin K. Kroening

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