Download e-book for kindle: An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman

By Anatoly Liberman

ISBN-10: 0816652724

ISBN-13: 9780816652723

This paintings introduces popular linguistics pupil Anatoly Liberman’s entire dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released some time past declare to have solved the mysteries of be aware origins even if these origins were broadly disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology against this, discusses the entire present derivations of English phrases and proposes the easiest one.   within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases routinely disregarded as being of unknown etymology. a few of the entries are one of the most ordinarily used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, woman, poultry, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, equivalent to beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united via their etymological obscurity.   This exact source ebook discusses the most difficulties within the technique of etymological learn and comprises indexes of topics, names, and all the root phrases. each one access is a full-fledged article, laying off gentle for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main greatly disputed note origins within the English language.   “Anatoly Liberman is without doubt one of the best students within the box of English etymology. definitely his paintings can be an integral instrument for the continuing revision of the etymological component to the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies   Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the collage of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, so much lately be aware Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.

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E rabbit is apparently one such word. ME rabet(t) ‘small rabbit’ was a word mainly associated with French cuisine. Rabbit is a Germanic noun with a French suffix. Walloon robett (from Flemish) need not have been its etymon. F râble ‘back and loins of certain quadrupeds, especially used of the rabbit and the hare,’ F rabouillère ‘rabbit hole,’ Sp rabo ‘tail,’ Sp raposo (m) ~ raposa (f) ‘fox,’ let alone G Raupe ~ Du rups ‘caterpillar,’ and Russ ryba ‘fish,’ all of which have been suggested as cognates of rabbit, have nothing to do with it.

Its etymon is supposedly OI *haðr, whose origin is unknown. Perhaps *hað- meant ‘hair’: heather is sometimes associated with shagginess. The vowel in heath goes back to *ai, which, according to the rules of Germanic ablaut, cannot alternate with *a in *haðr. ’ The first element (*hæg-) presumably meant ‘enclosure’ (as do haw and hedge), whereas -fore was a suffix meaning ‘dweller, occupant’ (see elver and fieldfare). By regular phonetic changes, *hægfore became *hæhfore and heahfore. In some dialects, heahfore yielded [heif\(r)], in others [hef\(r)].

See fag(g)ot, which also means ‘bundle of wood’, and is a term of abuse in sexual matters. Pimp does not owe its existence to any Romance word. RABBIT (1398) Germanic makes wide use of the root r-b in naming animals (G Robbe ‘seal,’ Fl rabbe ~ robbe ‘rabbit,’ and the like). E rabbit is apparently one such word. ME rabet(t) ‘small rabbit’ was a word mainly associated with French cuisine. Rabbit is a Germanic noun with a French suffix. Walloon robett (from Flemish) need not have been its etymon.

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An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman


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