By Alvin M. Weinberg (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)
Our quantity within the annual evaluate sequence in this celebration represents a departure from our traditional perform in that it serves as a Festschrift for Eugene Wigner. Dr. Wigner has gained many honours in his lengthy, extensive ranging and extraordinary profession spanning such a lot of upheavals in civilized existence. The editors and the authors, certainly the total nuclear engineering neighborhood, will desire to take part a modest yet additional acknowledgement of the contributions he has made to nuclear engineering, now not least to the morality and professionalism of nuclear engineering in a 12 months that has raised such foreign issues over security. It suffices to make a bald assertion of Eugene Wigner's lifestyles and occasions the following, for the 1st article of the amount is a loving appreciation by means of his long-time colleague, Alvin Weinberg, an assessment of his contribution traditionally in the course of and after the second one international struggle yet both an account of the philosophy which Wigner supplied to the burgeoning career. Eugene Wigner was once born seventeenth November, 1902 in Budapest, Hungary and his early education is defined via Dr. Weinberg.
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Anomalous electron-spin nation populations within the Electron Paramagnetic Re sonance (EPR) spectra of radicals shaped in the course of radio lysis experiments have been saw in 1963 through FESSENDEN and SCHULER [170a]. This phenomenon didn't obtain a lot realization on the time. In 1967, BARGON, FISCHER, and JOHNSEN  and independently WARD and LAWLER [7,8] stated the same phenomenon for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectra taken in the course of radical reactions: emission or better absorption, or either.
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Extra resources for Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology: Festschrift in Honor of Eugene P. Wigner
In these early papers he displayed an openness and honesty that is refreshing in these days of bitter polarisation over nuclear power. As he put it, "If nuclear power is not economic, it makes little difference whether it is only slightly uneconomic; it will not be used as long as other sources of energy are cheaper". (8) In the very long run, nuclear power based on breeders, whose cost is hardly dependent on the cost of uranium ore, will place a limit on the price of energy and this limit should not be very much higher, and might even be lower, than the cost of today's energy.
Clearly this high-temperature water with a different boric acid concentration must be circulated in a conduit separate from the large pool. Yet according to the design goals no valves or other failure-prone mechanical devices may be relied upon to give the pool water access to the core in an emergency. This means that the core has to be connected to the pool in a natural circulation loop at all times. How both of these seemingly contradictory requirements are simultaneously met can most easily be understood from Figure 1.
In his paper of June 23, 1945, CP-G-3066, "Use of the Pile Oscillator for the Measurement of Pile Constants", Wigner introduced the complex bucklings which arise when a reactor is modulated by a localised sinusoidal absorber. The pile oscillator has since been used very widely; for example, it was used by H. Pomerance and S. de Benedetti to determine that hafnium, because of its very high cross-section, would have to be removed from zirconium if the latter were used in a reactor. A. M. WEINBERG 20 Shielding.
Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology: Festschrift in Honor of Eugene P. Wigner by Alvin M. Weinberg (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)